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Event schedule

Check the program for this year's conference and learn about the speakers and sessions in store for tech enthusiasts.
Sanja Schreiber
Educational Committee Chair

According to United Nations reports, with decreased natality and improved longevity, there is an accelerating global shift toward an older population, such that by 2050, there will be more than 2 billion people over the age of 60. With that, the world population will face an increasing burden of musculoskeletal diseases, particularly low back pain (LBP) for which the lifetime prevalence has been estimated to account to 84%. One of the common causes of LBP is adult spinal deformity.
Adult spinal deformity or adult scoliosis is a complex spinal disorder that can broadly be categorized into a continuation of childhood scoliosis and degenerative (de novo) scoliosis with an onset in adulthood. Degenerative changes may also affect the pre-existent childhood scoliosis that could lead to a progression and decreased health related quality of life (HRQL). The prevalence of ASD has been estimated at 68% in those over the age of 70. If symptomatic, ASD profoundly affects HRQL, including debilitating pain, disability, and neurological problems. Several classifications of ASD have been developed based on etiology as well as correlation between radiological and HRQL outcomes.
Biomechanically, ASD presents differently than adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, and it has a higher rate of progression. Appropriate clinical and radiological assessment, as well as the risk of progression estimation of individuals with ASD is paramount to assure the optimal therapeutic intervention that should involve multidisciplinary teamwork.


ASD prevalence

Sabrina Donzelli




20 minutes

Jean Claude De Mauroy


Manuel Rigo




20 minutes


Coffe Break

30 minutes

Joan Bago




20 minutes


Lunch Break

60 minutes

Joe O'Brien




20 minutes


Coffee Break

30 minutes

Judith Sanchez Raya


Ferran Pellisé


Ana Lersundi
San Sebastian Surgery Head




20 minutes

Interdisciplinary Presentation
PSSE: Schroth, Rigo Concept BSPTS, SEAS

Schroth: Sanja Schreiber
Rigo Concept BSPTS: Mònica Villagrasa
SEAS: Michelle Romano

Interdisciplinary Presentation
Brace: WRC, Lyon, Scolibrace

WRC: Grant Wood
Lyon: Jean Claude de Mauroy
Scolibrace: Jeb McAviney



Closing Remarks

5 minutes

Kursaal Palace

Garikoitz Aristegui
San Sebastian Host Chair

The International Society on Scoliosis Orthopaedic and Rehabilitation Treatment (SOSORT) is dedicated to the advancement of the non-operative management of idiopathic scoliosis and other structural spine changes.


SOSORT History

What is SOSORT? Mission, vision and goals

1.- Samra Pjanic, Nikola Jevtic, Theodoros B Grivas. Menarche in scoliotic and non-scoliotic Balkan girls and relation between menarche and laterality of scoliosis curves
2.- Maria Grazia Benedetti, G M G Farella, F. Vanzini, R. Tedeschi, MC Bisi, R. Stagni. IMU-based assessment of motor control in a population of young subjects with idiopathic scoliosis: preliminary results from the MOTOR-CHILD study
3.- Judith Sanchez-Raya, J Salat-Batlle, C Figueras Sanroman, A Matamalas Adrover, F Pellise, J Bagó. Relationship between back pain intensity and clinical and psychosocial factors in patients with idiopathic scoliosis
4.- Klara Kucerova, M Šafářová, S Dvořáčková, O Čakrt. The connection between head position and perception of subjective visual vertical in patients with idiopathic scoliosis

1.- Filip Lazic, B Raskovic, N Jevtic, B Obradovic, S Pjanic, P Walker, N Chockalingam, R Needham. Movement deficit in normal children: implications for scoliosis screening
2.- Avis Leung, Swansea Mo. Understanding the daily schedule of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients as a reflection of the amount of time spent in habitual posture
3.- Manuel Rigo, A U Molinuevo Auzmendi. Iliac Rotational Asymmetry, a compensatory mechanism in Idiopathic Scoliosis

1.- Miguel Bovea, R Zaragoza, A I Avilés-Alía, JL García Giménez, F V Pallardo, E R García Trevijano, J R Viña, T Bas. Profile of circulating miRNAs as a new potential tool in the diagnosis of limb-girdle muscular dystrophies.
2.- German Casabo-Valles, J Martínez Romeu, P Bas Hermida, JL Bas Hermida, J Morales Valencia, M Bovea Marco, P Rubio Belmar, S Mena Molla, T Bas Hermida, G Perez Machado. Genetic risk score based on single nucleotide polymorphisms as a diagnostic and prognostic tool in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis.

Ana Lersundi, MD
Osakidetza, Basque Health

Adult scoliosis is a difficult vertebral condition that presents a high prevalence (68% in patients over 70 years).

There is certain evidence that surgery is the best treatment in order to improve patients’ quality of life, according to different PROMS. Nevertheless, most of the patients with degenerative scoliosis do not stand for surgical treatment.

ASD: Interdisciplinary work: PT, OT, MD
Decision making for those patients still remain controversial. In order to choose the best treatment for these patients, effort and implication of all professionals involved in their treatment is mandatory.

Coffee Break

Time to discuss with others, poster session and visit the stands

1.- Merve Damia Korkmaz, Murat Korkmaz. Is there a relationship between myofascial pain syndrome and sagittal and coronal alignment in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis?
2.- Merve Damia Korkmaz, Murat Korkmaz. The Relationship of Lumbar and Sacral Torsion Angles with the Degree of Pelvic Obliquity in Children with Neuromuscular Scoliosis
3.- German Casabo-Valles, G García, J Silva Rodriguez, A Colomer, M J Garzón Garzón, T Alberola, S Mena Molla, J M Morales Valencia, P A Rubio Belmar, T Bas Hermida. An efficient deep learning model for early prediction of prognosis in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis

1.- Jose Maria Gonzalex Ruiz, M I Perez, M D Garcia Alfaro, Markus Bastir. Geometric Morphometrics Method, a statistical approach to the predictive model of the 3D shape of the torso in patients with Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis.
2.- Larry Cohen, M Simic, S Dennis, K Refshauge, E Pappas. Sagittal Spinal Posture: Classification and Agreement of Three Radiographic Posture Analysis Models.
3.- Isis Navarro, C Silva Braga, C Tarrago Candotti. Reproducibility of the angle of trunk rotation and stiffness scoliosis test measured using the smartphone
4.- Katarzyna Politarczyk, M Kozinoga, L Stepniak, Tomasz Kotwicki. Measured body height versus arm span to calculate Body Mass Index in adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis

San Sebastian is waiting for you.... you will never forget it!!!!

- Traditional Basque Dance by:
Miren Zumeta and Andoni Zumeta

- Scoliosis Dance by:
Sara Arrizabalaga
Igor Baroja
Alaitz Izaga
Eva Pequerul
Lorea Santiago
Nahia Aristegui (guest)

-City Hall Mayor: Eneko Goia

Thanks for the decision you did to create Society on Scoliosis Orthopaedic and Rehabilitation Treatment



1.- Isis Navarro, C Silva Braga, C Tarrago Candotti. Validity and accuracy of the smartphone for the measurement of the ATR and SST
2.- Teresa Yelitza Martin Cid, B Palomino Aguado, E B Villalobos Baeza, N M Villa Santiago, L Morga Marchal, B Alonso Alvarez. Clinical Evaluation, Imaging, and Management of Adult Scoliosis
3.- Jean Claude Bernard, F Berne, M P Charrat, N Lebedel, S Verdun, C Vergari. Radiological evaluation of the horizontal plane of scoliosis without and with brace from EOS system 3D spine reconstruction
4.- Georgina Frere, C Impey, M Oldfield, M Nastase, E Maude, D Lui, G Frere. Exploring the effectiveness of an intensive treatment of Physiotherapy Scoliosis Specific Exercise (PSSE) on improving Thoracic Apical Spine Deviation in patients with Idiopathic Scoliosis (IS) using a Formetric Scanner’

1.-Aislinn Ganci, M Qazizada, B Fehr, S Bruha, A Vucenovic, E Lou, E Parent. Inter-evaluator Reliability of Sagittal and Rotational Spinal Measurements from 3D Ultrasound Imaging of Healthy Female Controls in Standing with Varying Arm Positions

3.- Nikola Jevtic, S Pajnic, N Chockalingam, T Shannon. Detection of changes on back surface topography in patients with scoliosis after intensive 10-day Schroth treatment
4.- Isaiah Wong, Q Mei, E Parent, T Burke, R Andrade, L Westover. Neural Network Multiclass Classification of Curve Severity in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Using 3D Surface Topography

Coffee Break

Time to discuss with others, poster session and visit the stands

1.- Manuel Rigo, A U Molinuevo Auzmendi. The Transitional Point/Central Sacral Line Offset, a radiological value to confirm the clinical type in the Rigo Classification
2.- Ester Berenguer, G Perez Machado, S El Fadalí, S Ibañez Cabellos, E Garcia Lopez, J L Garcia Gimenez, C Aguado Muñoz, M Bovea Marco, P Rubio, T Bas Hermida. Ambispective observational study to validate the early diagnostic and prognostic role of the ScoliPro® kit with AIS patients
3.- Katarzyna Smolka, W Kurzydlo, K Now. The assessment of the threshold of clinically relevant symmetry deviation in 3D scans of the body
4.- Jedrzej Tschuri, W Napiontek, T Kotwicki. Usefulness of Sanders Maturity Scale for skeletal maturity assessment in Idiopathic Scoliosis

1.- Brianna Fehr. The effect of arm positions used during radiography on frontal and sagittal spinal parameters in healthy populations
2.- Kira Page, A Thakur, B Groisser, H Hillstom, M Cunnigham, M Hresko, H Otremski, K Morse, Don Li, R Widmann. Novel 3D Surface Topographic Measurements Reliably Measure Global Spine Range of Motion in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Patients
3.- Ankush Thakur, B Groisser, H Hillstrom, M Cunningham, T Hresko, H Otremski, K Morse, K Page, A Wolf, R Widmann. Reliable and Fully Automated 3D Surface Topographic Measurements are Highly Correlated with the Trunk Appearance Perception Scale in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Patients
4.- Kira Page, E Wong, B Groisser, H Hillstrom, M Cunningham, T Hresko, H Otremski, K Morse, A Wolf, Don Li, R Widmann. Asymmetry of Twisting and Range of Motion in the Transverse Plane: A Fully Automated 3D Surface Topographic Measurement of AIS Patients

1.- Ignatiy Redchenko, I Paulov, G Leinn. The results of bracing after surgical treatment of congenital isolated anomalies of vertebrae development
2.- Adrian Alonso Caravaca, T Bas Hermida, MA Castillo Soriano, A Ortega Yago, M de Pedro Abascal, P Bas Hermida, JL Bas Hermida, P A Rubio Belmar, J M Morales Valencia, S Perez Vergara. Frailty in spine surgery in patients older than 80 years older

Joan Bago, MD

Thanks for all your work

Let's go to visit the Old Town tasting pintxos with fresh txakoli

1.- Ankush Thakur, B Groisser, H Hillstrom, M Cunningham, T Hresko, H Otremski, K Morse, K Page, R Kimmel, R Widmann. Development of Reliable Fully Automated Surface Topographic Measurements to Assess Shoulder Asymmetry in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Patients
2.- Dagmara Pikulska, M Tomaszewski, P Janusz, T Kotwicki. First experience with the ultrasonographic measurement of curvature angle in children with idiopathic scoliosis
3.- Katarzyna Smolka, W Kurzydlo, K Nowak. Asymmetry assessment using 3D scans in daily clinical practice-searching for solutions
4.- Andrzej M'hango, I Blicharska-Kubiś, M Bialek, E Bialek-Kucharska. Relationships between x-ray images and clinical examination in the assessment of the lumbar spine in the sagittal plane - pilot study

1.- Matthieu de Seze. Could trochanteric pelvic stabilization be removed from the AIS brace? A prospective pilot study.
2.- Michael Albert, A Jones, G Chan, G Haft, A. N Larson, T Milbrandt, T Oswald, B Lonner. Early US Experience with a Posterior Dynamic Deformity Correction Device for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Treatment
3.- Nathaly Villa Santiago, B Palomino Aguado, T Y Martin Cid. Rigid juvenile thoracic curve orthopedic treatment using elongation - derogation - lateral flexion technique with plaster cast in suspension and subsequent swain brace: statistical analysis

1.- Şabo Kesler, S Ozdemır Gorgu. The effects of soft orthosis on kyphotic posture
2.- Fabio Zaina, F Di Felice, S Donzelli, M Poggio, S Negrini. Night-time bracing improves back pain in patients with painful scoliosis: six months results of a retrospective controlled study

Yazici Muharrem, MD, PhD

The SRS perspective on the non-operative management of spinal deformities

Angelo Aulisa, MD, PhD
SOSORT President

SOSORT Presidential Address

Coffee Break

Time to discuss with others, poster session and visit the stands

1.- Kadriye Tombak, I Yuksel, U Özsoy, Y Yildirim, S Karasin. A comparison of the effects of supervised versus home Schroth exercise programs to motion analysis and life quality with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis
2.- Rufina Lau, J Cheng, S Hui, T Lam. Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS) Girls might have Higher Metabolic Cost during Modified High-Intensity Interval Training (HIIT)
3.- Rosemary Marchese, V Pacey, E Ilhan. Schroth therapy for adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis: Schroth therapists combine other methods of PSSE and non-PSSE to treat patients
4.- Laura Bastianel, C Tarragô, L Menghin. Structural Validity and reliability of the Patient Perception of Scoliosis-specific Physical Therapy (Physio-IS) Questionnaire.
5.- Sanja Schreiber, D Whibley, E Somers. Schroth Physiotherapeutic Scoliosis Specific Exercise (PSSE) Trials – Descriptive Analysis and Recommendations for Future Research

1.- Nikos Karavidas. Complete non-operative treatment with brace and scoliosis specific exercises can be effective for severe scoliotic curves exceeding 40ο at peak of growth
2.- Yunli Charlene Fan, G Kuang, M To, J Cheung. The relationship between compliance of physiotherapeutic scoliosis specific exercises and curve regression with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: a retrospective, age- and sex-matched case-control study
3.- Marlene Dufvenberg, A Abbott. Six-Month Results on Treatment Adherence, Physical Activity, Spinal Appearance, Spinal Deformity, and Quality of Life in an Ongoing Randomised Trial on Conservative Treatment for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (CONTRAIS)
4.- Georgina Frere, C Impey, M Oldfield, M Nastase, E Maude. The relationship between the Angle of Trunk Rotation and Forced Vital Capacity in patients with Idiopathic Scoliosis after a Four-Week Intensive Physiotherapy Scoliosis Specific Exercise Programme, an update on the SOSORT Award Winner, 2017

Carolina de Miguel, MD, PhD
SERMEF President

SERMEF Presidential Address

Teresa Bas, MD, PhD
GEER President

The precise molecular mechanisms underlying idiopathic and de-novo scoliosis are mainly unknown, but recent evidence demonstrate the role of epigene;cs in the e;ology of these condi;ons.
Importantly, early diagnosis and the accurate predic;on of curve progression are of special relevance in clinical se>ngs. Therefore, iden;fying poten;al progression-relevant biomarkers can substan;ally improve the clinical management of these pa;ents. This talk presents the most relevant epigene;c mechanisms and epigene;c biomarkers, which may favor the implementa;on of precision medicine in scoliosis treatment.


1.- Georgina Frere, C Impey, M Oldfield, M Nastase, E Maude. Exploring the effectiveness of an intensive treatment of Physiotherapy Scoliosis Specific Exercise (PSSE) on improving Pelvic Obliquity (PO) in patients with Idiopathic Scoliosis (IS)
2.- Nikola Jevtic, S Pjanic, D Ljubojevic, A Ilic, N Chockalingam, T Grivas. Are sessions of short period of time Schroth treatment sufficient to alter the pulmonary function in patients with severe scoliosis?
3.- Michele Romano, A Negrini, S Negrini. Exercises for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: Updated Cochrane Review
4.- Carole Fortin, M Martin, O Chémaly, H Labelle, S Parent, P Larouche, P Mercier, J Roy, M Simoneau. Effects of a postural reeducation intervention compared to standard care on scoliosis progression and health determinants in adolescent: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

1.- Ayse Zengin Alpozgen, E Akyurek, T Akgul, B Kara Kaya. Comparison of Spinal Reposition Sense in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis and Healthy Peers: Pilot Study
2.- Avis Leung, S Mo. Impact of posture training with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients: differences in body symmetry between habitual and Schroth-concept conscious postures when compared using posterior trunk symmetry index (POTSI).
3.- Sungyoung Yoon, H Seok, J Her, S Lee. The effect of 3-Dimensional Posture Correction Exercise Program Incorporating PNF Respiratory Muscle Strengthening Exercise on the Spinal Alignment and the Trunk Expansion in Patients with Idiopathic Scoliosis
4.- Rodrigo Mantelatto Andrade, B Gomes Santana, A Verttú Schmidt, M Callegari Ferreira, C Barsotti, M Pegoraro Baroni, B Tirotti Saragiotto, A Ribeiro. Effect of an Intervention program with S4D Specific Exercises by Telerehabilitation in Adolescents with Idiopathic Scoliosis

Coffee Break

Time to discuss with others, poster session and visit the stands

1.- Merve Karatel, E B Kahya, O Söyler, Y Yakut,. Investigation of Short-Term Recovery in Three Planes After Brace Removal on Individuals with Adolescent İdiopathic Scoliosis
2.- Janine Kerstholt, N Kogo. Treatment with Schroth therapy and Cheneau brace can reduce Cobb angle in AIS patients even when starting with late skeletal maturity
3.- Ivan Pavlov, G Lein, Z Roman. Results of treatment of adult patients with idiopathic scoliosis

1 Carole Fortin, C Forest, E Parent, O Chémaly, S Barchi, S Donzelli, S Negrini. Cross-cultural French-Canadian Adaptation and Metrologic Assessment of the Italian Spine Youth Quality of Life (ISYQOL) Questionnaire
2 Mateusz Kozinoga, J Szerląg, K Politarczyk, T Kotwicki. Difference in the assessment of the trunk appearance assessed with TAPS by children with idiopathic scoliosis versus their parents and its impact on the quality of life assessed with SRS-22
3 Isabelle Courtois, A Briot, M Perrier. Can a Therapeutic Patient Education Program improve the quality of life of adolescents wearing a brace?
4 Georgina Frere, C Impey, J Griffiths, M Oldfield, M Nastase, E Maude. Exploring the effectiveness of online Physiotherapy Scoliosis Specific Exercise (PSSE) in improving health related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients with Idiopathic Scoliosis (IS): A comparison between online and face-to-face (F2F) treatment’

1.- Krzysztof Korbel, E Kinel, D Czaprowski, M Kozinoga, K Politarczyk, T Kotwicki. Quality of life in young adults with idiopathic scoliosis assessed with the ISYQOL-PL questionnaire with a minimum period of 8 years of follow-up from the end of brace treatment
2.- Marina Rojc, K Groleger Sršen, J Mohar, G Vidmar. Health-related quality of life and pain in adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis: the Slovenian experience
3.- Hasan Isci, S Özdemir Görgü. Investigation of Factors Affecting Brace Satisfaction: A Qualitative Study

Coffee Break

Time to discuss with others, poster session and visit the stands

1.- Lori Dolan, S Weinstein. Predicting Surgery: Accuracy of the BrAIST Endpoint Definitions at 2-Year Follow-up
2.- Eric Parent, S Donzelli, M Yaskina, A Negrini, G Rebagliati, C Cordani, S Negrini. Prediction of Future Curve Angle using Prior Visit Information in Previously Untreated Idiopathic Scoliosis: Natural History in Patients under 26 Years Old with Prior Radiographs
3.- Angelo Gabriele Aulisa, D Bandinelli, F Falciglia, M Giordano, R Toniolo. Is surface topography useful in the diagnosis of scoliosis? : Validation of the Biometrical Holistic Of Human Body (BHOHB)

1.- Stefano Negrini, M Yaskina, S Donzelli, A Negrini, G Rebagliati, C Cordani, E Parent. Splitting Growth into 3 Phases with Cut-offs at Pubertal Spurt and Risser 3 Facilitates Prediction of Progression. A Study of Natural History of Idiopathic Scoliosis Patients from age 6 to End of Growth
2.- Gonzalo Mariscal, L Bello, J Morales, T Bas, M Ortega, C Villanueva, Miquel Boveda. Clinical utility of ultrasonography for the assessment of skeletal maturity based on the Sanders radiological classification in patients with juvenile idiopathic scoliosis.
3.- Piotr Janusz, M Tokłowicz, M Andrusiewicz, M Kotwicka, T Kotwicki. Association of the LBX 1 Gene Promoter Methylation in Deep Paraspinal Muscles of Patients with Idiopathic Scoliosis with Disease Severity

Committee Chair

Visit with us the Wind Comb, take your personal picture of San Sebastian from the Igeldo Mountain and finish in Astarbe Cider House testing one of the best meat you will eat in your life.

San Sebastian 2022 you'll never forget it!!!!!

Meet our talented speakers

Get to know the people behind SOSORT Congress

Teresa Bas, MD

GEER President - Spanish Surgeons Society. La Fe University Hospital Spine Department Head

Joan Bago, MD

Orthopedic Surgeon

Lifetime Avhievement Award

Ana Lersundi, MD

Gipuzkoa Hospital Traumatology Department Head

Lori Dolan

Research Scientist at The University of Iowa

Manuel Rigo

SOSORT and BSPTS Founder

Sabrina Donzelli

Expert clinician in scoliosis conservative treatment at ISICO



SOSORT 2022 Sponsors